“Roads of Victory” through Warsaw and Gdansk on January 17
On January 17, commemorative events took place in Warsaw and Gdansk devoted to the 75th anniversary of the Red Army's liberation of Warsaw.
Rossotrudnichestvo and the Russian Military Historical Society (RMHS) helped organize an online lecture prepared by M. Myagkov, the scientific director of RMHS, professor at MGIMO, and doctor of historical sciences. The lecture was held as part of the international "Roads of Victory" project in two Polish cities. It was dedicated to the liberation of Poland and the places of military success for Soviet soldiers.
The historian emphasized the historical significance of January 17 in the Great Patriotic War and the overall Second World War. “Poland was liberated by the Red Army together with the Polish Army, with Polish soldiers who fought among the ranks of our troops. We must gather and look each other in the face,” he noted. "We must preserve our history together, and find common ground. The great history of the Red Army's liberating campaign in Europe, and its decisive role in defeating Nazism, must remain forever."
Representatives from the Russian diplomatic corps headed by Russia's ambassador to Poland, Sergey Andreev, CIS diplomats, representatives of Polish veteran and public organizations, and Russian compatriots took part in a traditional wreath-laying ceremony at the Mausoleum of Soviet Soldiers Cemetery in Warsaw.
According to the head of Rossotrudnichestvo, Eleonora Mitrofanova, “Roads of Victory” is one of the collaborative projects between the Agency and its partners which allows us to effectively counter attempts to rewrite history, to preserve history and convey it to the younger generation living outside Russia.”
Igor Zhukovsky, head of the Russian Center for Science and Culture in Poland, said that the Rossotrudnichestvo representative office holds concerts dedicated to the war period on the day of the Red Army's liberation of Warsaw every year. “This year the concert was organized at the Russian Embassy. An exhibition on the liberation of Eastern Europe also opened, which was prepared by the Russian Historical Society. The date January 17 is important to me: my grandfather, Nikolai Anisimovich Borkovsky, was wounded near Warsaw, and his medal “For the Liberation of Warsaw” has a special place in our family archive,” he said.
After the concert, the anniversary of the liberation of Warsaw was celebrated on Poklonnaya Hill with fireworks.
The fireworks are regularly organized in honor of the liberating soldiers in Moscow. Fireworks have already marked the liberation of Odesa, Sevastopol, Minsk, Vilnius, Chisinau, Bucharest, Tallinn, Riga and Belgrade.
Warsaw was liberated on January 17, 1945, during the Warsaw-Poznan operation, which began on January 13, 1945. The Polish First Army also fought for the liberation of Poland together with the Red Army.
The "Roads of Victory" International Campaign
The international “Roads of Victory” campaign started on October 21, 2019, in Belgrade, on the 75th anniversary of the city's liberation. Students of Russian schools and Russian language courses, Serbian educational institutions, Russian compatriots, and veterans all took part in the international campaign. They became familiar with places of historical importance in Belgrade and the surrounding areas of the city. In 2020, as part of the campaign, different events will coincide with the Budapest Offensive (ended February 13, 1945), the Vienna Offensive Operation (from March 16 to April 15, 1945), the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation (from April 16 to May 8, 1945), and the Prague Offensive (May 6-11, 1945).
The Mausoleum of Soviet Soldiers in Warsaw
This mausoleum-cemetery is a memorial complex with 21,468 burial plots for Red Army soldiers who died in 1944 and 1945, during the liberation of the city from German occupation (during the Warsaw-Poznań operation). The 19.2-hectare memorial was opened in 1950 on the fifth anniversary of the German capitulation. The central part of the complex features sculptural groups depicting Red Army soldiers and a 21-meter granite obelisk with the inscription “Eternal glory to the heroic soldiers of the invincible Soviet Army who fell in battle with Hitler's invaders to liberate Poland and our capital Warsaw."