В Москве в честь 75-летия Победы встретятся историки из России и Китая

Russian and Chinese historians will meet in Moscow on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the Victory. They will conduct a round table dedicated to the fight against militaristic Japan during World War II, as reported Sergey Naryshkin, Chairman of the Russian Historical Society and Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Russia, at the press conference at the Russia Today media center on Tuesday.

"On August 9, 1945, the Soviet Union joined the war against militaristic Japan shortly after the German surrender. The decisive action of the Red Army made a significant contribution to the Chinese fight for freedom. To the present day, our countries cherish the memory of that war. On the eve of the Victory Day, Moscow will host a high-level meeting of Russian and Chinese historians, who will have a round table discussion over the joint fight of the countries in the World War II," said Sergey Naryshkin.

He also added that Russian historians intend to conduct a conference with their Chinese colleagues on the margins of the Eastern Economic Forum.

On April 5, 1945, the Soviet Union denounced its treaty of neutrality with Japan and explained it by the hostile policy Japan had been pursuing since Germany attacked the Soviet Union. On August 8, 1945, the Union declared war on Japan in line with the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences outcomes. The goal was to eliminate the last center of World War II and help the Allies free the countries invaded by Japan.

On August 9, 1945, at 0.10 am, the Soviet Army crossed the border, and the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation was launched. Hostilities spanned a frontline stretching over 5,000 km. The Soviet troops attacked from the ground, the air, and the sea. The Union bombed Japanese military facilities in Harbin, Changchun, and Jilin, as well as areas of concentration of the Japanese army, message centers, and communications.

After August 20, the Soviet troops advanced into the heart of Manchuria, eliminating spots of isolated resistance. From August 18 to 27, the Soviet Union led airborne assault in Harbin, Mukden, Changchun, Jilin, Port Arthur, Dalniy, Pyongyang, Hamhung, and other cities. The Soviet Army freed Northeastern China and North Korea, South Sakhalin, and the Kurile Islands. With the Kwantung Army defeated and the military and economic base in Northeastern China and North Korea destroyed, Japan lost real power and the capability to continue the war.

World War II came to its complete end when Mamoru Shigemitsu, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs and representatives of the Emperor and the Tokyo Government, and Umedzu Yoshijiro, Chief of General Staff, signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on the deck of USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945, at 9.04 am Tokyo time.